A migraine can produce intense, throbbing pain. It can be on one or both sides of the head,
in the temples, or behind one eye or ear. Migraines can also cause nausea, vomiting, and
sensitivity to light or sound. A person suffering from a migraine may see spots, flashing
lights, or temporarily lose their vision.
Migraines may start in the morning, and can last
for a few hours or one to two days. Some people get migraines regularly, others only
experience them once or twice a year.

Your doctor can provide a diagnosis based on the pattern of your headaches, a physical exam, and tests to eliminate other possible causes of the pain.
Your doctor may prescribe different medications to prevent and treat migraines. Some treatments include: Acute Treatment for specific episodes of migraines, or Preventative Treatment for when migraines come more than twice a week, or are difficult to control.

Preventing migraine triggers


Learn your triggers—such as lack of sleep, poor nutrition, bright lights, stress, red wine, MSG or hard cheese, certain odors, or changes in barometric pressures. Avoiding triggers doesn't always work, but in many cases it can be helpful.

Source: Earl Zeitlin, MD, Neurologist with Rockland Neurological Associates of Highland Medical, P.C., an affiliate of Montefiore Nyack Hospital.